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The Constitution of Bangladesh is the supreme law of the country

The Constitution of Bangladesh

It was adopted on 16 December 1972 and has been amended several times since then. The following is a summary of the key provisions of the Constitution of Bangladesh:

  1. Preamble: The Preamble of the Constitution declares Bangladesh to be a sovereign People's Republic and emphasizes the principles of nationalism, socialism, democracy, and secularism.

  2. Structure of the State: Bangladesh is a unitary state divided into administrative divisions and districts. The country follows a parliamentary system of government.

  3. Fundamental Rights: The Constitution guarantees fundamental rights to all citizens, including equality before the law, freedom of speech and expression, freedom of religion, right to property, and protection from discrimination.

  4. Directive Principles of State Policy: The Constitution sets out a number of directive principles, which are guidelines for the state in making laws and policies. These principles include social justice, eradication of poverty, provision of basic necessities, and protection of the environment.

  5. President: The President of Bangladesh is the head of state, elected by Members of Parliament. The President's role is largely ceremonial, with limited executive powers.

  6. Prime Minister and Council of Ministers: The Prime Minister is the head of government and exercises the executive powers. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and is usually the leader of the majority party in Parliament.

  7. Parliament: The Parliament of Bangladesh is a unicameral legislature known as the Jatiya Sangsad. It consists of Members of Parliament elected through a general election. The Parliament is responsible for making laws, approving the budget, and overseeing the executive branch.

  8. Judiciary: The judiciary in Bangladesh is independent of the executive and legi



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